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备战2021高考英语完形填空的技巧精讲精练含答案解析

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原标题:备战2021高考英语完形填空的技巧精讲精练含答案解析

高考完型填空的技巧

1、考点分析

近几年高考试题中的完形填空有新的变化,试题所涉及的知识面不断拓宽,缺少故事情节的议论文增多,综合难度不断提高,特别强调对语篇及上下文的理解和应用,而且完形填空在整个高考试卷中的分值比重也很高有15分。

体裁上以议论文为主,说明文为辅。题材上以思想、文化、商业、生活为主,同时涉及其他话题。

1.动词:动词的词义辨析。形似、意近、根据语境辨析的。包括动词词组。

2.名词:名词的词义辨析。形似、意近、根据语境辨析的。

3.形容词:形容词的词义辨析。形似、意近、根据语境辨析的。

4.副词:副词的词义辨析。形似、意近、根据语境辨析的。

2、专题详解

解题思路一:依据首句线索,紧扣主题选择。首句通常是文章的主题句,通常不设空,便于考生对短文主题、内容或背景有个大概了解。它的目的是向考生提供时间、地点、人物、事件、论点等有用的信息。把握了主题句,对于理解全文和解题很有帮助。

①Ifyoustudiedpicturesthatancientpeopleleftonrockwallsandyoutriedtodeterminetheirmeaning,youwouldnotdetectinterestinromanceamongtheartists.51,youwouldseeplentyofanimalswithpeoplerunningafterthem.Lifeforancientpeople'searnedtocenteronhuntingandgatheringwildfoodsformeals.

51.A.InsteadB.ThereforeC.MoreoverD.Otherwise

②Researchhasshownthattwo-thirdsofhumanconversationistakenupnotwithdiscussionoftheculturalorpoliticalproblemsoftheday,notheateddebatesaboutfilmswe'vejustwatchedorbookswe'vejustfinishedreading,butplainandsimple__51__.

51.A.claimB.descriptionC.gossipD.language

解题思路二:顺应文意,定位选词。做题时,要充分利用上下文,找到有提示作用的词。这些词可以是同义词、近义词或反义词,也可以是并列连词或转折连词等等。

①Manypeoplethinkthatlisteningisapassivebusiness.Itisjustthe51one.Listeningwellisanactiveexerciseofourattentionandhardwork.

51.A.positiveB.oppositeC.sameD.wrong

②Morethan2,400yearsago,theGreekhistorianHerodotusdescribedtheEgyptianpyramidsandothermonuments.Hemayhavebeenthefirstwritertoconsiderthatremainsand___52___couldprovideinformationforlatergenerations.

③Thecontinuouspresentationoffrighteningstoriesaboutglobalwarminginthepopularmediamakesusunnecessarilyfrightened.Evenworse,it__51__ourkids.

51.A.exhaustsB.depressesC.terrifiesD.exploits

解题思路三:注意固定搭配,常用句型。包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。

①ThedepartmentforEducationandSkillswantsto60teachingofmodemforeignlanguages(MFT)atanearlierstageinthefuture.Primaryschoolchildrenwillgetgreater61toforeignlanguagelearning.

60.A.permitB.encourageC.demandD.offer

61.A.admissionB.accessC.chanceD.approach

解析:教育与技术部门将来打算在教育更早阶段提供外语教学,所以60选D。61题考查固定搭配accessto的用法,学生需要总结相关access的搭配,haveaccessto或者offeraccessto,to是介词。

②Thatalsoexplainswhyschoolsandcompaniesorganizechallengingtripsandphysicalactivitiesto__62__teamspirit.

62.A.buildupB.putdownC.takeoverD.makeout

③A__60__ofpeoplenowbelieve–incorrectly–thatglobalwarmingisnotevencausedbyhumans.

60.A.mixtureB.majorityC.quantityD.crowd

解题思路四:注意同形词的辨析。

①Digitalfingerprinting,fluctuations(波动)inthedollarexchangerate,andamassofonlineinformationaresomeofthewaysmakingtraveltotheUnitedNationsin2010adifferent__51___forinternationalvisitorsthanitwasearlierinthe21stcentury.

51.A.experimentB.examinationC.experienceD.excursion

②Atravelerfromacountry__60__intheVWPmustobtainanElectronicSystemforTravelAuthorization(ESTA),anonlinetravelauthorization,establishedbyDHS.ESTAdetermines,beforethetravelerboardsaflight,whetherthetraveleris___61___totraveltotheUnitedStatesundertheVWPandwhethersuchtravelposesanylawimplementationorsecurityrisks.

60.A.perseveringB.previewingC.participatingD.promoting

61.A.accessibleB.acceptableC.availableD.adaptable

解题思路五:根据生活常识以及文化背景确定选项。

①EFLteachersoftencomplainthatstudents,despiteyearsofstudyingEnglish,simplywillnotspeakit.They'retoo__63__makingmistakesofthegrammarormispronouncingwordsinawaythatwould__64__them.

63.A.confidentinB.comfortablewithC.keenonD.afraidof

64.A.amuseB.informC.remindD.embarrass

解题思路六:利用原词复现或同现,选择最佳选项。

1.在完形填空中,某一词语通常重复出现,使得语篇中的句子相互衔接和连贯,从而构成一个完整的意义整体。

①Firstofallhewasawindow-cleanerandinhisfirstweekhemanagedto______sixwindows.

A.rubB.dropC.breakD.clean

2.同现指意义上相互联系的单词同时出现在同一语篇中。一个语篇,一个话题,要求有与之相连的词汇。

1)名词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个名词。如:

school---primaryschool—middleschool—college—universitystudents—pupils—graduates—postgraduates

2)动词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个动词。如:

school—teach—learn—attend—found—dropout—graduate—bedismissed

3)形容词同现;就某一语境而言所能出现的形容词也是有规律的。如:在学校这个语境中:

(key)school—(optional)course—(compulsory)course

4)结构同现:结构同现批搭配之类的句型和成对出现的短语。如:

some…,others;ononehand…,ontheotherhand;former…,latter;so…that;notonly…butalso;hardly/scarcely…when…;nosooner…than…;beabouttodo/bedoing/haddone/beonthepointofdoing/betodo/bereadytodo/beontheway…when…;

①Iputmyheadin,expectingtheworst.Buttomysurprise,theroomwasn'temptyatall.Ithadfurniture,curtains,aTV,andevenpaintingsonthewall.Andthenonthewell-madebedsatAmy,mynew______,dressedneatly.

A.roommateB.classmateC.neighborD.companion

②The60Knows

…….Smell,however,doesseemtoplayapartinhumanattraction.

60.A.NoseB.EyeC.HeartD.Hand

解题思路七:仔细分析长难句。找出句子主干,主从句,定语状语等。

①Intoday'sAmericansociety,highschooldropouthasdaybydaygrownintoabigproblemthreateningsocialandeconomicstability,asmanycasesoffamily___51___oreventragedies,causedbyyouthdropoutaregrabbingheadlinesinmedia.

51.A.objectionsB.conflictsC.establishmentsD.happiness

答案:B。长难句分析,第一层是as引导的原因状语从句,主句是schooldropouthasgrownintoabigproblem.后面紧跟动名词做定语。As从句中caused过去分词作后置定语。在进行句子分析时,一定注意把定语等找出来。

②Inmanycountries,thelanguageofeducationisnotthesameasthelanguageofthehomefor53themajorityofchildren.Furthermore,inmanycountries,younglanguagelearnerscomprisethemostrapidlygrowingsegmentoftheelementary(primary)schoolpopulation.54Whileinsomeschoolsthereisnoextrasupporttohelpyounglanguagelearnersacquirethelanguageofinstruction,inmostcountrieswheretherearelargenumbersofyounglearners,thereisa___55___awarenessoftheirspecialneeds.

55.A.reducingB.watchingC.growingD.slipping

解析:55题根据前文可以推断出选C.growing表示提高的意识。可以对这个长句子进行长难句分析:首先是while引导的让步状语从句。在while从句中运用了helpsbdosth的结构。在主句中,where引导的定语从句,先行词是countries.

解题思路八:仔细推敲,注重逻辑。

做完完形填空题后,要根据所选答案迅速地把文章完整地读一遍,看语法、惯用法对不对;看是否符合上下文的逻辑;看是否符合故事情节的发展,以便更正可能的错误选择。一个完整的语篇应该是符合逻辑的,文章逻辑关系取得主要靠过渡词的使用。作者利用转承语保证文章的逻辑,学生在做完形填空时应通过自己对上下文的理解,找到适当的逻辑关系,然后选择正确的过渡词。学生必掌握常见的过渡词:

1.递进

inaddition,furthermore,again,also,besides,moreover,what'smore,what'sworse,tomakemattersworse,tomakethingsworse,worsestill

2.比较

inthesameway,aswith,similarly,equally,incomparison,justas

3.对照

incontrast,ontheotherhand,instead,however,nevertheless,unlike,onthecontrary,while

4.因果

because,becauseof,for,since,dueto,owingto,thanksto,asaresult(of),so,thus

5.强调

certainly,aboveall,indeed,ofcourse,surely,actually,asamatteroffact,especially,inparticular,absolutely

6.让步

although,though,afterall,inspiteof

7.举例

forexample,forinstance,thatis,namely,suchas,inotherwords,inthiscase,bywayofillustration.

8.时间和空间

afterward,after,first,later,then,soon,finally,atlast

outside,near,beyond,above,below,ontheright(left),inthemiddle,opposite,infrontof

9.总结

tosumup,toconclude,inaword,inshort,inbrief,allinall,inall,insummary

表示转折关系:

例1:

asurveyof99greenbuildingsinAmericafoundthatonaverage,theyuse30%lessenergythanconventionalbuildings.…….Thetraditionalapproachoftryingtominimizeconstructioncosts,___58___,canleadtohigherenergybillsandwastedmaterials.

58.A.inreturnB.forinstanceC.bycontrastD.ingeneral

答案解析:绿色建筑比传统建筑少用30%的能源,与之形成对比的是,传统建筑会导致更高的能源成本及材料的浪费。所以选C,与上文形成转折对比。

例2:

Thefollowingnumberswouldbe55formostofustoremember.1492178919931848.Butlookatthemin"chunks",anditbecomesmucheasier.1492178919931848.

55.A.convenientB.impossibleC.meaningfulD.technical

答案解析:两句之间的But表明是转折关系,下文出现了"itbecomesmucheasier",所以此空要填的词与easier形成对比,即选B,impossible。

表示因果关系:

例1:

___51___itsartfuldesignandsomefancytechnology,itisexpectedtoconsumeupto50%lessenergythanaconventionalofficebuilding.

51.A.InplaceofB.ThankstoC.InspiteofD.Inadditionto

答案解析:句意是"由于艺术性的设计及奇特的技术,环保建筑大楼比传统的办公大楼少消耗50%的能源",所以此空可得出答案为B。

例2:

asurveyof99greenbuildingsinAmericafoundthatonaverage,theyuse30%lessenergythanconventionalbuildings.Soanyadditionalbuildingcostscanbe___57___quickly.

57.A.recoveredB.gainedC.countedD.valued

答案解析:句意是"绿色建筑比传统建筑少用30%能源,所以增加的建筑成本可以很快回收。"提示词So,表明上下文为因果关系,所以选A.

表示并列关系:

例1:

……improveemployee'shealthandproductivity,reducelegalliability,and___56___propertyvaluesandrentalreturns.

56.A.involveB.enhanceC.shareD.show

答案解析:句意是"绿色环保建筑能够改善员工的健康及生产力,并且增加建筑的价值及租金回报",根据and可看出此空是与前面的improve构成并列。四个选项中,只有B表示"增强或提高",所以答案为B。

表示条件关系:

例1:

Lifewouldbesomucheasierifwecouldrememberthings51.

51.A.effortlesslyB.purposefullyC.exactlyD.carelessly

答案解析:句意是"生活将变的更容易,如果记忆不费力气。"所以选A。

表示解说关系:

例1:

thereisnothing61

aboutthesemethods-----theywerearoundeveninancienttimes.

61.A.effectiveB.awfulC.valuableD.new

答案解析:句意是"这些方法没有什么新颖之处---他们在古代就已经有了。"句中的破折号表示解释说明,所以选D。

3、课堂练习

A、

TwoNewcastlescientistsaresettingthemselvestoopenoureyestothemedicaltruthbyclaimingthatnaturalsunlightmayhelppreventskincancer.(主旨句)

Dr.RonLaura,professorofhealtheducationatNewcastleUniversity,andseniorchemistMr.JohnAshtonsaidtheirresearchpointstoacomplete__51______(前文提到的自然阳光有助于防止皮肤癌,下文提到防晒霜会引起皮肤癌,前后相反的争议故选用reversal)oftheacceptedscientifictheory.Theysaidthatsunscreencreamsmayhelpcauseskincancer,theartificialindoorlightcouldbe__52_____(人造的室内光线与自然地阳光光线形成对比,故用harmful)andthatarangeofdrugsincommonusecouldalso___53____(前后表达的均是室内光线的危害所以是助涨了黑色素,选用promote)melanoma(黑色素)--atypeofcancerthatappearsasadarkspotontheskin.

Theresearchislikelytobeunwelcomeinsometraditionalmedicalresearchcircles.Itisbasedonanew__54_____(复现故选用theory)thatourbodiesareprotectedfromskincancerbytheregulationofagroupofcomplexvitamins(VitaminD)andimmuneprocess.

Thesunscreens,artificiallightanddrugscouldallunfavorablyaffecttheproductionofthesevitaminsandincreasetheskin's__55_____(皮肤对于太阳的敏感度,B是对抗,C是适应,D是回应)tothesun.ButDr.Laurasaidnaturalsunlightpassingthroughtheeyeshelped__56_____(根据主旨自然光线有助于防癌,所以此处是有助于防癌的维生素D的生产量)theproductionofcancerprotectionVitaminD.

HesaidrecentstatisticsfromtheUnitedStatesindicatedthatpeoplewhoworkedindoorsalldayinartificiallightweremore__57_____(根据上文中提到的人造光线对人带来的危害,更容易产生黑色素,besubjectto意为服从于,隶属于,意译为更容易)melanomasthanthosewhoworkedoutdoors.Indoorworkersshouldtrytohaveatleastonehourof__58_____(exposureto暴露于固定搭配)todirectsunlighteveryday,___59_____(根据上句,适当地暴露于直接的光线照射的好处,最适宜的时间是早上,故选用preferably)intheearlymorningandlateafternoonwhenultravioletintensivelywaslower,Dr.Laurasaid.

Sunscreens,long__60_____(人们传统的观念描述,固定搭配,beacceptedas被认为)asessentialforbeachlovers,couldalso__61______(前文中提出防晒霜会致癌,这里是说会阻止维生素D的产生,选prevent)theproductionofVitaminD.LauraandAshtonsaidsunscreensgivepeoplea__62_____(与传统的想法的不一致,导致人们也就产生了错误的认知,选用false)senseofsecurityinthinkingtheyare__63______(复现,选用protected)fromthesun'srays.

Dr.Laurasaidmorestatistics___64_____(更多的数据会支持他们的观点,选用back支持)theirclaimhadcometolightsincethefirstarticlewaspublished.Hebelieveshisresearchfindingsaretooimportanttobe__65______(反传统的理论的提出总是会收到限制的,选limited)tothescientificworld.

51.A.contributionB.reversalC.combinationD.recognition

52.A.beneficialB.comfortableC.harmfulD.favorable

53.A.promoteB.reduceC.removeD.eliminate

54.A.assumptionB.lawC.conceptD.theory

55.A.sensitivityB.resistanceC.adaptationD.response

56.A.monitorB.measureC.slowD.stimulate

57.A.subjecttoB.unrelatedtoC.freeofD.dependenton

58.A.exerciseB.revealC.exposureD.experience

59.A.occasionallyB.preferablyC.enjoyablyD.extremely

60.A.receivedB.popularC.acceptedD.identified

61.A.balanceB.adjustC.preventD.enhance

62.A.falseB.strongC.trueD.sharp

63.A.separatedB.protectedC.guardedD.prohibited

64.A.presentingB.doubtingC.backingD.providing

65.A.limitedB.emphasizedC.acknowledgedD.explained

51-55BCADA56-60DACBC61-65CABCA

B

Ifyoustudiedpicturesthatancientpeopleleftonrockwallsandyoutriedtodeterminetheirmeaning,youwouldnotdetectinterestinromanceamongtheartists.51,youwouldseeplentyofanimalswithpeoplerunningafterthem.Lifeforancientpeopleislearnedtocenteronhuntingandgatheringwildfoodsformeals.

Inmoderntimes,whenfoodisavailableingrocerystores,findingloveismore52topeople'slives.The53isallaroundus.Itiseasytopreparealistofmodernstorieshavingtodowithlove.Anendlessnumberofbooksandmoviesqualifyaslovestoriesinpopularculture.

Researchersarestudyingwhetherlove,ahighlyvaluedemotionalstate,canbe54.Theyask,whatislove?Toothpastecompanieswantustothinkattractionisallaboutcleanteeth,butcleanteethgoonlysofar.Scientistswonderhowmuchthebraingetsinvolved.Youhaveprobablyheardthatoppositesattractbutthat55attracttoo.Onethingiscertain:Thetruthaboutloveisnotyetsetinstone.

FirstImpression

Tohelpdeterminethe56ofattraction,researcherspaired164collegeclassmatesandhadthemtalkfor3,6or10minutessotheycouldgetasenseofeachother'sindividuality.Thenstudentswereaskedto57whatkindofrelationshiptheywerelikelytobuildwiththeirpartners.Afternineweeks,theyreportedwhathappened.

Asitturnedout,their58judgmentoftenheldtrue.Studentsseemedto59atanearlystagewhowouldbestfitintotheirlives.

The60Knows

Scientistshavealsoturnedtononhumanstoincreaseunderstandingofattraction.Manyanimalsgiveoffpheromones—naturalchemicalsthatcanbedetectedby,andthencanproducearesponsein,otheranimalsofthesamespecies.Pheromonescansignalthatananimaliseitherreadytofightorisfeeling61topartnerships.Incontrast,humansdonotseemtobeas62asotheranimalsatdetectingsuchchemicals.Smell,however,doesseemtoplayapartinhumanattraction.Althoughwemaynotbeawareofchemicalslikepheromonesconsciously,wegiveandreceiveloadsofinformationthroughsmellineveryinteractionwithotherpeople.

FaceValue

Beingfondofsomeoneseemstohaveanumberoffactors,includingseeingsomethingwefindattractive.Researchershadpeoplejudgefacesfor63.Theparticipantshad0.013secondstovieweachface,yetsomehowtheygenerallyconsideredtheimagesthesameaspeoplewhohadmoretimetostudythesamefaces.Thewaywe64attractivenessseemstobesomewhatautomatic.

Whenshownanattractivefaceandthenwordswithgoodorbadassociations,peoplerespondedto65wordsfasterafterviewinganattractiveface.Seeingsomethingattractiveseemstocausehappythinking.

51.A.InsteadB.ThereforeC.MoreoverD.Otherwise

52.A.romanticB.stressfulC.centralD.beneficial

53.A.PriorityB.proofC.PossibilityD.principle

54.A.TestedB.ImposedC.ChangedD.created

55.A.appearancesB.VirtuesC.SimilarityD.passions

56.A.IllustrationsB.ImplicationsC.IngredientsD.Intentions

57.A.predictB.InvestigateC.diagnoseD.recall

58.A.CriticalB.InitialC.RandomD.mature

59.A.MemorizeB.distinguishC.NegotiateD.Question

60.A.NoseB.EyeC.HeartD.Hand

61.A.OpenB.AlertC.ResistantD.Superior

62.A.disappointedB.amazedC.ConfusedD.gifted

63.A.EmotionsB.AttractivenessC.IndividualityD.Signals

64.A.EnhanceB.PossessC.MaintainD.Assess

65.A.familiarB.PlainC.PositiveD.Insulting

51-55.ACBDC56-60.CABBA61-65.ADBDC

C

Inthe1960s,DouglasMcGregor,oneofthekeythinkersintheartofmanagement,developedthemowfamousTheoryXandTheoryY.TheoryXistheideathatpeopleinstinctively51workandwilldoanythingtoavoidit.TheoryYistheviewthateveryonehasthepotentialtofindsatisfactioninwork.

Inanycase,despitesomuchevidencetothe52,manymanagersstillagreetoTheoryX.Theybelieve,53,thattheiremployeesneedconstantsupervisioniftheyaretoworkeffectively,orthatdecisionsmustbeimposedfrom54withoutconsultation.This,ofcourse,makesforauthoritarian(专制的)managers.

Differentcultureshavedifferentwaysof55people.Unlikeauthoritarianmanagement,somecultures,particularlyinAsia,arewellknownfortheconsultativenatureofdecision-making—allmembersofthedepartmentorworkgroupareaskedto56tothisprocess.Thisismanagementbythecollectiveopinion.ManywesterncompanieshavetriedtoimitatesuchAsianwaysofdoingthings,whicharebasedongeneral57.Someexpertssaythatwomenwillbecomemoreeffectivemanagersthanmenbecausetheyhavethepowertoreachcommongoalsinawaythattraditional58managerscannot.

Arecenttrendhasbeentoencourageemployeestousetheirowninitiative,tomakedecisionsontheirownwithout59managersfirst.Thisempowerment(授权)hasbeenpartofthetrendtowardsdownsizing:60thenumberofmanagementlayersincompanies.Afterde-layeringinthisway,acompanymaybe61withjustatoplevelofseniormanagers,front-linemanagersandemployeeswithdirectcontactwiththepublic.Empowermenttakestheideaofdelegation(委托)muchfurtherthanhas62beenthecase.Empowermentanddelegationmeannewformsofmanagementcontrolto63thattheoverallbusinessplanisbeingfollowed,andthatoperationsbecomemoreprofitableundertheneworganization,ratherthanless.

Anothertrendisoff-siteor64management,whereteamsofpeoplelinkedbye-mailandtheInternetworkonprojectsfromtheirownhouses.Projectmanagersevaluatethe65

oftheteammembersintermsofwhattheyproduceforprojects,ratherthantheamountoftimetheyspendonthem.

51.A.desireB.seekC.loseD.dislike

52.A.contraryB.expectationC.degreeD.extreme

53.A.viceversaB.forexampleC.howeverD.otherwise

54.A.outsideB.insideC.belowD.above

55.A.replacingB.assessingC.managingD.encouraging

56.A.referB.contributeC.objectD.apply

57.A.agreementB.practiceC.electionD.impression

58.A.bossyB.experiencedC.westernD.male

59.A.askingB.trainingC.warningD.firing

60.A.doublingB.maintainingC.reducingD.estimating

61.A.honouredB.leftC.crowdedD.compared

62.A.economicallyB.traditionallyC.inadequatelyD.occasionally

63.A.denyB.admitC.assumeD.ensure

64.A.virtualB.ineffectiveC.day-to-dayD.on-the-scene

65.A.opinionB.riskC.performanceD.attractiveness

51.D52.A53.B54.D55.C56.B57.A58.D59.A60.C61.B62.B63.D64.A65.C

四、课后作业

A篇

Afterthecollege-boardexaminationsinJune,BasilDukeLeeandfiveotherboysfromSt.RegisSchool___51___thetrainfortheWest.TwogotoutatPittsburgh,oneslantedsouthtowardSt.LouisandtwostayedinChicago;fromthenonBasilwasalone.Itwasthefirsttimeinhislifethathehadeverfelttheneedoftranquility,butnowhetooklongbreathsofit;for,thoughthingshadgonebettertowardtheend,hehadhada/an___52___yearatschool.

Heworeoneofthoseextremelyflatderbies(常礼帽)invogueduringthetwelfthyearofthecentury,andabluebusinesssuitbecamealittletooshortforhisconstantly___53___body.Withinhewasbyturnsadisembodied(空洞的)spirit,almost___54___ofhispersonandmovinginamistofimpressionsandemotions,andafiercelycompetitiveindividualtrying___55___tocontroltherushofeventsthatwerethestepsinhisown___56___fromchildtoman.Hebelievedthateverythingwasamatterof___57___—thecurrentprincipleofAmericaneducation—andhisfantastic___58___wascontinuallyleadinghimtoexpecttoomuch.Hewantedtobeagreatathlete,popular,brilliantandalwayshappy.Duringthisyearatschool,wherehehadbeenpunishedforhis"freshness,"forfifteenyearsofthoroughspoilingathome,hehadgrownuselesslyintrospective,andthis___59___withthatobservationofotherswhichisthebeginningofwisdom.Itwasapparentthatbeforeheobtainedmuchsuccessindealingwiththeworldhewouldknowthathe'dbeeninafight.

Fifteenisofallagesthemostdifficultto___60___———toputone'sfingersonandsay,"That'sthewayIwas."Andallonecanknowisthatsomewherebetweenthirteen,boyhood's___61___,andseventeen,whenoneisasortofcounterfeityoungman,thereisatimewhenyouth___62___hourlybetweenoneworldandanother——pushedceaselesslyforwardintounprecedentedexperiencesand___63___tryingtostrugglebacktothedayswhennothinghadtobe___64___for.Fortunatelynoneofourcontemporariesremembermuchmorethanwedoofhowwebehavedinthosedays;neverthelessthe___65___isabouttobedrawnasideforaninspectionofBasil'smadnessthatsummer.(380)

51.A.boardedB.missedC.jumpedD.followed

52.A.happyB.unhappyC.memorableD.favourable

53.A.swellingB.bendingC.lengtheningD.strengthening

54.A.awareB.fondC.criticalD.unconscious

55.A.randomlyB.desperatelyC.particularlyD.indifferently

56.A.evolutionB.revolutionC.solutionD.introduction

57.A.factB.opinionC.courseD.effort

58.A.fashionB.ambitionC.characterD.treasure

59.A.contactedB.associatedC.interferedD.smashed

60.A.digestB.describeC.dealD.locate

61.A.majorityB.minorityC.seniorD.junior

62.A.floatsB.variesC.fluctuatesD.ranges

63.A.successfullyB.vainlyC.wildlyD.gently

64.A.huntedB.providedC.compensatedD.paid

65.A.curtainB.adolescenceC.portraitD.ceiling

51-55ABCDB56-60ADBCD61-65ACBDA

B篇

GermanPrimeMinisterOttoVonBismarckmaybemostfamousforhis51anddiplomatictalent,buthiscontributionstothesocietyincludemanyoftoday'ssocialinsuranceprograms.Duringthemiddleofthe19thcentury,Germany,52otherEuropeannations,53anunusualoutbreakofworkplacedeathsandaccidentsasaresultofgrowing54.55inpartbyChristiansympathyforthehelplessaswellasapracticalpoliticalimpulsetogetthe56ofthesocialistlabormovement,Bismarck57theworld'sfirstworker'scompensationlawin1884.

By1908,theUnitedStateswasthe58industrialnationintheworldthatlackedworkers'compensationinsurance.American'sinjuredworkerscouldseek59inacourtoflaw,buttheystillfacedanumberoftoughlegalbarriers.60,employeeshadtoprovethattheirinjuriesdirectly61employer'slackofcareandtheythemselveswereignorantaboutpotentialdangerintheworkplace.Thefirststateworkers'compensationlawinthiscountrypassedin1911,andtheprogramsoon62throughoutthenation.

AfterWorldWarII,benefitpaymentstoAmericanworkersdidnot63thecostofliving.Infact,realbenefitlevelswerelowerinthe1970sthantheywereinthe1940s,andinmoststatesthemaximumbenefitwasbelowthepovertylevelforafamilyoffour.In1970,PresidentRichardNixonsetupanational64tostudytheproblemsworkers'compensation.Twoyearslater,thecommitteeissued19keyrecommendations,65onethatcalledforincreasingcompensationbenefitlevelsto100percentofthestates'averageweeklywages.

51.A.artisticB.literaryC.militaryD.economic

52.A.alongwithB.otherthanC.apartfromD.ratherthan

53.A.experimentedB.exploredC.experiencedD.excluded

54.A.urbanizationB.revolution

C.evolutionD.industrialization

55.A.InspiredB.TouchedC.OrganizedD.Motivated

56.A.feedbackB.statementC.proofD.support

57.A.discoveredB.createdC.uncoveredD.revealed

58.A.uniqueB.onlyC.powerfulD.most

59.A.rightsB.helpC.compensationD.support

60.A.ForexampleB.HoweverC.ConsequentlyD.Moreover

61.A.resultedinB.stoodforC.resultedfromD.dealwith

62.A.spreadB.promotedC.stretchedD.placed

63.A.putupwithB.faceupto

C.benefitfromD.keepupwith

64.A.communityB.committeeC.authorityD.government

65.A.includingB.insistingC.installingD.investing

51-55.CACDD56-60.DBBCA61-65.CADBA

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